Query Rules enable you to cover the search relevance blind spots by creating "If this, then that" style rules tailored to your business use-case. For example, you can use query rules to promote an item, modify the search query, or show dynamic facets based on different kinds of search queries. Query Rules can also be enabled for a fixed period of time: this makes Query Rules a great way for implementing seasonal sales and promotions. Query Rules can be visualized as If-This-Then-That, e.g. If search query contains 'Google', then promote 'Chromebook'. When building an e-commerce search experience, customers more often than not require customizing their product search based on different criteria.

query rule dashboard

Query rules are available with the Production and Enterprise plans.

Use Cases

Here are some use cases where Query Rules can help you improve search relevance

  • Dynamically update facets based on the query. Example if a user is searching for "laptops", show filters related laptops only
  • Promote result during discounts/sale on your store
  • Hide products that are not available
  • Hide irrelevant results
  • Replace search term based on data available

Configure If Condition

If conditions help in deciding when to trigger a query rule based on which configured actions will be executed. There are 2 types of trigger

  1. Always:

    This is helpful when you want to execute an action with all the search requests. For example, you want to always hide a product that is no longer available in store.

  2. Condition

    This is helpful when you want to execute an action with a specific search/filter condition. Example if query contains a specific search term. There are 4 types of search condition which you can configure

    • Query is: applied when there is an exact query match
    • Query contains: applied when a search query contains the specified query
    • Query starts with: applied when a search query starts with the specified query
    • Query ends with: applied when a search query ends with the specified query

    Here, you can also configure filter conditions, which can help you set triggers based on filtering field and value. For example, `brand` is `apple`.

You can also configure rules for specific indexes in your Elasticsearch cluster and for a specific time period (example you only want to promote result for a seasonal sale on your e-commerce store ). By default, it is applicable on all the indexes and all the time.

configure if condition

Advanced Editor

Query Rules also comes with an advanced editor that allows writing truly expressive trigger conditions. A condition is of the form "$field $operator $value". It also allows combining conditions with AND/OR and ( ... ) clauses.

A condition can be expressed using one of the following operators. Each operator operates on the $field and $value.

Operator Name Description
exactlyMatches The field's value set by the search query should exactly match the provided value.
doesNotMatch The field's value set by the search query should not match the provided value.
contains The provided value is contained within the field's value set by the search query.
doesNotContain The provided value is not contained within the field's value set by the search query.
startsWith The field's value as set by the search query starts with the provided value.
doesNotStartWith The field's value as set by the search query does not start with the provided value.
endsWith The field's value as set by the search query ends with the provided value.
doesNotEndWith The field's value as set by the search query does not end with the provided value.
regularExpressionMatch Provide a regular expression to match the field's value as set by the search query with the provided value.

Here are some example conditions:

  1. $query exactlyMatches "iphone x"

  2. $query contains "iphone x" AND $query doesNotContain "iphone 8"

  3. $query contains "smart phone" AND brand exactlyMatches "apple"

  4. $query contains "smart phone" AND (brand exactlyMatches "apple" OR brand exactlyMatches "samsung")

Note: regexone is a great place to learn about regular expressions. regexr is a great online util to test your regular expressions.

Configure Then Actions

Then actions help you configure the actions that you want to invoke when triggering conditions are matched. Following are the actions that you can invoke

Note: Actions are executed in the order in which are listed in your dashboard. You can drag and drop to change the sequence of executing actions.

Promote Results

Helps in promoting results at a certain position in your result set. For example, when a user searches for iphone you want to promote air pods.

promote result

Hide Results

It helps in hiding certain results from getting included in the actual search results. For example, you want to hide products that not available in the store, or you want to hide results that contain irrelevant data.

hide result

Custom Data

Helps in sending the custom JSON data in the search response. This will be helpful when you want to send some extra information to the frontend, which can help in rendering more specific information.

custom data

Replace Search Term

It helps in replacing the user’s entire search query with another query. Helps in showing relevant results to users, especially when you are aware of the analytics that certain search term is returning no results.

replace search term

Replace Search Query

This action gives you more control over the search query in a way that you can modify the whole query by using the Elasticsearch's Query String syntax.

For example, the following query returns all the documents for which height and width matches 10 and 20 respectively.

height:10 + width:20

The above is just an example of Elasticsearch query string syntax where values are fixed. You can also use the variable values captured from the query value as per the regular expression defined in the trigger expression.

For example, let's define the trigger expression with the help of the advanced editor.

trigger expression

The above rule will only get applied when the query value is of the following pattern.

{number_x} x {number_y}

Now define the query value which will replace the original query.

height:$1 + width:$2

Here $1 and $2 are variables that will get extracted from the regex capture groups defined in the trigger expression. Now if some user makes a search with value as 10 x 20 then the final query will be height:10 + width:20.

replace search query

Remove Words

Removing words is the progressive loosening of query constraints to include more results when none are initially found.

For example, imagine an online smartphone shop that sold a limited inventory of iPhones in only 16GB and 32GB varieties. Users searching for “iphone 5 64gb” would see no results. This is not ideal behavior - it would be far better to show users some iPhone 5 results instead of a blank page.

You can remove multiple words by using the tag based UI.

remove words

Replace Words

Rules offers an alternative. You can now replace words instead of adding new ones. For example, if you make tv a synonym for television, Rules will replace tv with television so that only television is used to search.


Add Filter

Add Filter action allows you to define the term filters that will get applied on the search type of queries. For example, if somebody searches for iphone then you may want to apply a brand filter with value as apple.


Search Settings

This action helps you to define the dataField and fieldWeights for your search type of queries. For example, if you want to always set product_name as dataField irrespective of what user defines in the search request.

Note: The dataField and fieldWeights values set by this rule will override the dataField and fieldWeights values set in the search request.

search settings


Helps in doing more customization with search or handling edge cases around search relevancy. Functions let you implement any custom action. For example, you want to perform natural language processing on the search query.


For more information you can read functions docs.

Note: a function linked with Query Rule cannot have its own triggering condition.